Bunions also known as hallux valgus is a defect of the base joint of the big toe. The actual cause of this defect is not yet known, and the imperfection causes the foot to rub against the shoes being worn. This causes foot pain and inflammation of the skin surrounding the area. It’s always recommended to wear good shoes in order to manage the symptom, but a surgery to correct the normally is also an option. A bunion is best described when the big toe is inclined towards the second toe resulting in a bump on the outward side and at the base of the big toe. This leads to the skin and the tissues at this location around this joint to become thick which might become reddened, puffed-up and painful. In some instances, the swollen area may result into a bursa which is a fluid-filled sac that is extremely painful.
The symptoms associated with bunions include
- Difficulty walking straight as a result of foot pain
- Swelling and inflammation at the base of the toe that might end up being infected
- Widening of the foot making it difficult to find the right size that fits
- Arthritis at the toes
- Deformation and displacement of the toes
Treatment for foot bunions
1. Wear good shoes
Wearing suitable footwear will not necessarily cure the deformity, but it goes a long way in easing the pain and discomfort.
Ingesting painkillers may minimize the pain and where the bunion develops as a result of other complication for example arthritis. It is advisable to use other medication as well. Antibiotics may also be prescribed in situations where the skin and tissues underlying the area become infected.
A surgical operation may be carried out if observing good footwear wearing does not relieve the pain symptoms. Surgical operations are carried out to strengthen the joint so as to relieve pain and improve the appearance of the feet. The patient usually leaves the hospital within a day. The type of operation is dependent on how serious the bunion is, the shape of the foot and other factors e.g. presence of other diseases such as arthritis.